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There were initially four Regionalligas:. Between and , promotion to the 2. Bundesliga was regulated without much continuity.
It was a problematic rule, as becoming champion of a division did not automatically mean promotion for that team. The champions of the North and Northeast divisions had a play-off to decide who would get the fourth promotion spot.
This rule was justified because there are more clubs in the southern part of Germany than the north. In , the promotion rule was changed again: The new divisional alignment was not bound to certain states any more so teams were moved between the divisions in order to balance club numbers.
This led to some clubs in the Southern division being geographically further north than some northern clubs, and vice versa. The champions and the runners-up of both divisions were promoted to the 2.
In , the Regionalliga was demoted to become the fourth tier of football in Germany after the introduction of a new nationwide 3.
However, there was an expansion to three divisions: This led to teams assigned to a division other than their geographical one.
An example for this is BV Cloppenburg , who was assigned to the Western division for the —09 season despite being located in Lower Saxony.
In October , yet another reform of the Regionalligas was decided upon. The number of leagues were now to be expanded to five, with the defunct Regionalliga Nordost to be reestablished and a Regionalliga Bayern to be established.
The new system is due to come into operation in the —13 season. It was also decided to limit the number of reserve teams per Regionalliga to seven.
The new leagues will consist of up to 22 clubs in their inaugural season but will then have to be reduced to between 16 and 18 clubs.
The Regionalligas will not be administrated by the DFB but rather by the regional football associations. In regards to reserve teams, initially only seven are permitted per league, however, this rule may be subject to change under certain circumstances.
Reserve sides of 3. Liga teams are not permitted in the Regionalliga. The reorganisation of the Regionalligas so soon after the last changes in became necessary because of a large number of insolvencies.
These were caused by a lack of media interest in the leagues combined with large expenses and infrastructure demands. The five Regionalligas from are: Some regional football associations have also made changes to the league system below the Regionalliga in their area.
From the —13 season, the Bavarian Football Association split the Bayernliga into a northern and a southern division, and increased the number of Landesligas from three to five.
At the 96th DFB-Bundestag in December , delegates decided to change the promotion rules and reduce the number of leagues to four.
To achieve this, a temporary solution has been put into place for the —19 and —20 seasons. Four teams will be promoted and there will be three guaranteed promotion places from the champions of the five regional leagues.
The champion of the southwest league, which is giving up its second playoff place, will be promoted automatically in the next two seasons.
Additionally there will be two teams promoted from the other four regional leagues. In the —19 season, the champion of the northeast league will also be promoted directly.
The winner of the third guaranteed promotion place will be decided by the drawing of lots. The remaining two regional league champions of the —19 season will face off in a two-legged playoff determining the fourth promotion place.
The two regional leagues whose teams took part in the playoff will automatically have promotion places for the —20 season.
As a result, the third division will have four relegation places. A club that wants to play in the Regionalliga must meet two conditions. First, the team must qualify for the league.
Second, the club must obtain a license from the DFB. The remaining two champions also from the same draw, from Nord and Bayern, will play a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot.
This format was installed as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag in can decide on a format that enables all Regionalliga champions to be promoted.
The new league was nominally going to have 18 clubs; however, in its first, transitional season the DFB permitted up to 22 clubs in the league.
Restrictions existed on reserve sides. No more than seven reserve teams were permitted per Regionalliga; should there be more in a league the additional ones would have to be moved to a different Regionalliga.
Reserve teams of 3rd Liga clubs are not permitted to play in the Regionalliga. The make up of the clubs entering the new Regionalligas from the leagues below was left to the regional football association and not regulated by the DFB.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Top-Amateure - Top-Talente in einer Liga! Archived at Archive. Retrieved 18 November South China Morning Post.
Liga aus" [Lauth draws promotion matches to the 3. Retrieved 12 June Heimspiele in German Weltfussball.
Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 24 May Liga German football league system. Landesliga Kreisliga Kreisklasse A—C.